A role for artificial intelligence applications inside and outside of the operating theatre: a review of contemporary use associated with total knee arthroplasty
Artificial intelligence (AI) has become involved in many aspects of everyday life, from voice-activated virtual assistants built into smartphones to global online search engines. Similarly, many areas of modern medicine have found ways to incorporate such technologies into mainstream practice. Despite the enthusiasm, robust evidence to support the utility of AI in contemporary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains limited. The purpose of this review was to provide an up-to-date summary of the use of AI in TKA and to explore its current and future value.
Impact of Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Design and Patient Shoulder Size on Moment Arms and Muscle Fiber Lengths in Shoulder Abductors
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) increases the moment arm of the deltoid, however there is limited knowledge on the accompanying changes in muscle architecture that play a role in muscle force production. The purpose of our study is to use a geometric shoulder model to evaluate the anterior deltoid, middle deltoid, and supraspinatus regarding 1) differences in moment arms and muscle-tendon lengths in small, medium, and large native shoulders, and 2) impact of three RSA designs on moment arms, muscle fiber lengths, and force-length (F-L) curves.
The neck and shoulders are complex and interconnected areas, and medical problems that affect one often affect the other, as well. Pain and dysfunction from injuries or conditions that impact the joints, muscles, and other structures can easily spread from the neck to the shoulder(s) and from the shoulder(s) to the neck.
Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee may not cause any symptoms, but some people may experience pain and swelling. Engaging in competitive sports may contribute to its development.
Hip arthritis results from the breakdown of cartilage within your hip joints, causing hip stiffness and pain that can increase with inactivity, standing, and walking. Although walking can be uncomfortable and difficult with hip arthritis, walking is also incredibly important for maintaining the mobility and strength of your hips.